One of several varieties of German Spitz, the Pomeranian is arguably the most recognisable. It is known in many countries as the Zwergspitz, meaning "Dwarf Spitz”. And as the name suggests, this is a very small breed of dog. But just how small can it be exactly?

Pomeranian Size in Adulthood

The Pomeranian is a small dog that reaches about 20cm at the withers. The Kennel Club classifies this breed in the Toy Breed Group, alongside other small breeds of companion or lap dogs, such as the Chihuahua, the Miniature Poodle, or the Maltese. Of course, there are slight differences in size between individuals of the same breed, but the Pomeranian will always be small. The size difference between males and females is minimal. So choose your four-legged friend according to its character traits instead!

The Pomeranian’s growth period can be split into two distinct phases. The first is a short burst of rapid growth, until the age of four months, then the second, slower growth phase, occurs until the age of 8 to 10 months. In small dogs, the growth phase is much shorter than in large dogs, which can sometimes take up to two years to reach full size. To ensure the best possible growth for your Pomeranian, be sure to provide them with high-quality dog food. Also, limit prolonged or intense physical activity to protect your dog's joints.

Pomeranian Weight

The Pomeranian’s small size is also reflected in its weight. Adult Poms generally weigh between 2 and 3kg, depending on the individual. This tiny size makes your Pomeranian very easy to carry around with you, especially on public transport. On the train, for example, your dog will have no problem sitting on your knee, in a small bag or cage.


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Pomeranian Colours

The Pomeranian comes in many different colours; the breed standard is quite broad on this topic. All whole colours are permissible. These include white, black, brown (light or dark), blue (as pale as possible), orange (as bright as possible), beaver, and cream. With such a wide range of colours, you’re sure to find what you’re looking for. Be careful, however: a dog’s aesthetics should never be your primary concern.

  • White: Whites should be pure white and quite free from lemon or any other colour. In the US, some white coats are closer to ivory than pure white, but the latter is always preferred.

  • Black: The skin and undercoat are also dark in colour. The coat shows no colour other than black.

  • Orange: The colour should be uniform and solid, but spots of white are tolerated on the chest, tail, and feet.

  • Sable Orange: The sable colour is a warm sandy brown. Shaded sables should be shaded throughout with three or more colours, with the hair as uniformly shaded as possible, and with no patches of self-colour.

  • Brown: Brown coats should be dark and very uniform.

  • Wolf Sable: Also called Shadow Grey, Wolf Sable is a charcoal silvery grey. The tips of the hairs are black. There is a dark mark on the head and eyes, while the mane and the hair on the shoulders are lighter. The legs show no black spots.

  • Cream: This is a very pale yellow, without any shade of white.

  • Sable Cream: Pale yellow is paired with a warm sandy brown.

  • Parti-coloured: In parti-coloured dogs, the base of the coat is white, with patches of different colours (black, grey, brown, orange) distributed evenly over the entire body. A dog with white or tan feet or chest is not considered a parti-coloured dog.

  • Black and Tan: The base colour is black, with tan markings on the muzzle, cheeks, eyes, and sometimes chest.

  • Merle: Merle dogs are not accepted by The Kennel Club breed standard.

Pomeranian Coat

Pomeranians have two coats, an undercoat and an outer coat. The undercoat is soft and fluffy; the outer coat is long and perfectly straight with a rough texture and covers the whole body. The fur is very abundant around the neck and upper part of the shoulders and chest, forming a frill that extends over the shoulders. The Pomeranian’s coat requires regular maintenance to prevent tangles and knots. Grooming your Pomeranian is not complicated but should not be neglected.

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