The Samoyed’s beautiful and very recognisable white coat requires regular care and maintenance. This is important to prevent knots from forming, but also to keep an eye on the health of your furry friend’s skin. Discover all the stages of grooming a Samoyed below.

Why Do I Need to Brush My Samoyed?

As all dog owners know, brushing your dog, whether it’s short-haired, long-haired, or even curly-haired, is one of the most important steps in doggy care and maintenance. It’s important for several reasons. Firstly, it helps maintain the health of your dog’s coat by removing dead hair and allowing you to check whether your dog is infested with ticks or fleas or has any injuries. Brushing your Samoyed can also be a special bonding moment for you both and a good time to strengthen your relationship - so long as you don't hurt your dog and cause it to be scared of the brush! As such, you need to train your Samoyed to stand still and accept a dog brush from an early age. You also need to make sure you have the right tools at hand.

What’s the Best Dog Brush for a Samoyed?

Choosing the right dog brush for your Samoyed is essential. For this dog breed, you will need a curry comb and a carding brush, as well as a pair of scissors. The comb is useful for detangling knots. But never force it! If a knot resists, cut it out; there’s no point in hurting your dog. Next, use the carding brush to brush the outer coat and then the undercoat to remove any dead hair. During moulting seasons, in spring and autumn, brush your dog every day. Please note: You should never shave your Samoyed’s fur. It protects it from both the cold and the heat, as well as from sunburn.

How to Bathe a Samoyed

In addition to regular brushing, you also need to wash your dog, although nowhere near as often! One or two baths a year will suffice. Of course, if your Samoyed gets particularly dirty or starts to smell bad, don’t wait to give your Samoyed an extra bath. If the smell persists, contact your vet for advice, as it could indicate a skin problem.

As with brushing, you need the right products to bathe your dog. Choose a good dog shampoo that respects your dog's hair, but also its skin type (dry, oily, etc.), and any potential problems, such as parasites, for example. Never use human shampoo on your dog! Considering the size of the Samoyed, you may have a little trouble getting it into your shower or bathtub. You can wash your dog with a hose outside, so long as your water supply has a temperature regulator. Make sure that the water temperature is neither too cold nor too hot: lukewarm water, between 35 and 38°C, is ideal. Lather shampoo all over your dog’s body, paying special attention to the legs and between the toes. Be careful not to get shampoo in your dog's eyes or ears, to prevent ear infections. Rinse your pooch well to get rid of all traces of shampoo, then rub it with a towel to dry. If desired, you can use a hairdryer, set to medium heat. Don't rush your pooch if it seems scared at first. Although generally quite gentle-natured, the Samoyed is also a stubborn dog. Be patient.


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Complementary Health Care for a Samoyed

In addition to basic dog grooming like brushing and bathing, you also need to take good care of your Samoyed’s teeth, eyes, and ears, as well as trim its nails regularly. 


Don’t neglect your dog’s oral hygiene. You don’t want to risk the onset of dental issues such as gingivitis and loose teeth, which can appear quite quickly without good care. Teach your Samoyed to accept a toothbrush and toothpaste from an early age and brush its teeth at least once a week to get rid of dental plaque and maintain healthy gums. You can also give your dog chew bones to help fight plaque and tartar.


Clean your dog’s eyes regularly with cotton pads and saline solution. Avoid cotton balls or swabs which can leave fibres behind. Clean the eyes from the inside out, so as not to allow other dirt to get in. If you notice any abnormal discharge, contact your veterinarian.


Don’t forget to trim your Samoyed's nails when necessary. This can be done in two ways: with a classic nail clipper or an electric file. For medium to large dogs, an electric file is often more convenient. Make sure to carefully locate the quick of the nail before cutting to avoid injuring your pooch. The quick is the live part of the nail which contains blood vessels and nerve endings - it is recognisable by its pink colour. You only want to cut the white part of the nail. If your dog has black claws, it's best not to cut them too short, as a precaution. If you’re worried about hurting your pooch, ask your vet for help.


The ears are a sensitive area for all dogs. Inspect your Samoyed's ears regularly and clean them with a suitable ear cleaning solution. To do this, place the product inside your dog's ear canal, then massage gently to allow it to penetrate the ear. Wipe the remaining product off with a cotton pad, until no trace remains.

Veterinary Care

Finally, don't forget about preventive medical care to keep your Samoyed happy and healthy. Make sure to keep all your dog’s booster vaccinations up to date, as well as regular anti-parasitic and deworming treatments. It's a good idea to schedule at least one veterinary check-up a year, especially when your dog gets older. Lastly, supplement this care by providing your Samoyed with a healthy diet and regular exercise.

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